Antzinaroko filosofia

Antzinaroko filosofia Antzinaroan zeuden pentsamoldeei deritze.

TxinaAldatu

Txinatar filosofiak, Txinan nagusi zen pentsamendu filosofikoari egiten dio erreferentzia; ostera, kulturalki erlazionaturiko eta hizkuntza familia bereko ekialdeko Asiako herrialdeetara (Japon, Korea, Vietnam, adibidez) zabaldua.

FilosofoakAldatu

  1. Mozi (ca. K.a. 470 – ca. K.a. 391).[19]
  2. Song Xing
  • Nongjia. Agrikulturaistak ere deituak, eskola filosofo honek zioen gizarte txinatarrak Shennong erregearen jakituariaren arabera bizi behar zuela; Shennong erregea txinatar folkloreko pertsonaia zen, landa-lan egiteaz gain biztanleria aholkatzen zuena.[23]

Grezia eta ErromaAldatu

 
Atenasko Eskola, Rafael margolariaren artelana. Bertan filosofo klasikoen arteko saioa irudikatzen da.

Grezia eta Erromako Antzinaroko filosofiak, mediterraneo itsasoko lurraldeetan (non, antzinako greziako kultura eta erromatar kultura gailentzen ziren) K.a. VII. mendetik VI. mendera arte (mundu zaharraren amaierarekin) eman ziren iritzi, pentsamendu eta sistema filosofikoak biltzen ditu.

Greziako filosofiaAldatu

Presokratikoak (K.a. VI. mendea - K.a. IV. mendea)Aldatu

Presokratikoak Antzinako Greziako (K.a. VI. mendea - K.a. IV. mendea) pentsalari multzo bat dira, greziar filosofiaren aitzindaritzat jotzen direnak. Filosofo hauen ekarpen garrantzitsuena unibertsoaren eta munduaren ikuspegi mitologikoa alde batera utzi eta horiei buruz emandako azalpen arrazionala izan zen, mitotik logos delakora aldatuz. Presokratikoetan pentsalari heterogeneoak biltzen dira, ordea, eta horregatik askotan eskola ezberdinetan sailkatzen dira.

Grezia Klasikoa (K.a. VI. mendea - K.a. IV. mendea)Aldatu

Garai helenistikoa (K.a. IV. mendea - K.a. II. mendea)Aldatu

Filosofia kristaua.Aldatu

Filosofia erromatarraAldatu

Garai goiztiarra (K.a. VIII. mendea - )Aldatu

Erromatar inperioaren garaia (K.a. VIII. mendea - K. o. V. mendea)Aldatu

EgiptoAldatu

IranAldatu

IndiaAldatu

Filosofia VedikoaAldatu

Sramana filosofiaAldatu

FilosofoakAldatu

Saptarishi (Garai vediko goiztiarra, K.a.1500-K.a. 800)Aldatu

Sektarianismoa edo Filosofoen Garai Axiala (Garai vediko berantiarra, K.a. 800 - K.a. 400)Aldatu

  • Parshvanatha Parshvanatha (K.a. 872 - K.a. 772).
  • Aruni (K.a. 750 - K.a. 650).
  • Yajnavalkya (K.a. 700 - K.a. 600).
  • Makkhali Gosala (K.a. 600 - K.a. 500).
  • Pāṇini (K.a. 600 - K.a. 500).
  • Siddhartha Gautama (ca. K.a. 563 – K.a. 483).
  • Mahākāśyapa.
  • Bṛhaspati.
  • Mahavira (K.a. 599 – K.a. 527).
  • Badarayana (K.a. 500 - K.a. 400).
  • Kapila (ca. K.a. 500).
  • Gotama (ca. K.a. 600).
  • Kanada (ca. K.a. 600).
  • Mahavira (K.a. 599 – K.a. 527).
  • Purana Kassapa
  • Ajita Kesakambali
  • Payasi
  • Makkhali Gośāla
  • Sañjaya Belaṭṭhiputta
  • Mahavira
  • Dandamis
  • Nagasena
  • Lakulisha
  • Pakudha Kaccayana
  • Pāṇini (K.a. 520 – K.a. 460).
  • Kapila (ca. K.a. 500).
  • Badarayana (K.a. 500 - K.a. 400).
  • Jaimini (ca. K.a. 400).
  • Pingala (ca. K.a. 500).
  • Gautama Buddha (ca. 480 – ca. 400 K.a.).
  • Śāriputra.
  • Chanakya (ca. K.a. 350 – ca. K.a. 275).
  • Patañjali (ca. K.a. 200).
  • Shvetashvatara.

Urrezko Aroko filosofoak (K.a. 184 – 600)Aldatu

  • Valluvar (ca. K.a. 31).[155]
  • Aśvaghoṣa..
  • Vatsyayana (IV. mendea - VI mendetan) - Gupta Inperioko erlijioso eta idazle indiarra zen, Kama Sutraren egilea.[156]
  • Samantabhadra.
  • Isvarakrsna,
  • Aryadeva.
  • Dharmakirti
  • Haribhadra
  • Pujyapada
  • Buddhaghosa
  • Kamandaka.
  • Maticandra.
  • Prashastapada.
  • Bhāviveka.
  • Dharmapala.
  • Udyotakara.
  • Gaudapada.
  • Siddhasena.
  • Dignāga (ca. K.o. 500).
  • Asanga (ca. K.o. 300).
  • Bhartrihari (ca. K.o. 450 – K.o. 510),
  • Bodhidharma (ca. K.o. 440 – K.o. 528).
  • Siddhasena Divākara (V. mendea).
  • Vasubandhu (ca. K.o. 300),
  • Kundakunda (II. mendea).
  • Nagarjuna (ca. K.o. 150 – K.o. 250).
  • Umāsvāti or Umasvami (II. mendea).
  • Adi Shankara.

Maurya Inperioa (K.a. 321 – K.a. 184)Aldatu

  • Shvetashvatara.
  • Chanakya (ca. K.a. 350 – K.a. 275).
  • Jaimini (ca. K.a. 300 – K.a. 200).
  • Aksapada Gautama (ca. K.a. II. mendea).
  • Kanada.
  • Pingala.

Urrezko Aroa (K.a. 184 – K.o. 100)Aldatu

Txola, Txera, Pandava eta Kushan Inperioak (100–300)Aldatu

Gupta Inperioa (300–550)Aldatu

  • Vasubandhu (ca. IV. mendea).[157]
  • Asanga (ca. IV. mendea).
  • Bodhidharma (ca. 440–528).
  • Vatsyayana (ca. 450–500).
  • Bhartrhari (450–510).
  • Buddhaghosa (ca. V. mendea).
  • Siddhasena Divākara (ca. V. mendea).
  • Dignāga (ca. V. mendea).
  • Śīlabhadra (ca. 529–645).
  • Udyotakara Udyotakara(ca. VI. mendea - VII. mendea).

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