Pulitzer Saria Musikan

Pulitzer Saria Musikan urtero Letren, Antzerkien eta Musikengatik ematen diren zazpi AEBko Pulitzer Sarietako bat da, eta Columbia Unibertsitateak kudeatzen du. Jatorrizko Pulitzerren artean ez dago, izan ere, programa 1917an inauguratu zen zazpi sari izendatuta, baina urte horretan lau soikik banatu ziren.1943an eman zen lehen aldiz. Joseph Pulitzerrek urtero musika beka bat antolatu zuena, azkenean sari bilakatuz: "Estatu Batuetan urtean zehar lehen emanaldia izan duen estatubatuar batek egindako dimentsio esanguratsuko musika konposizio bereizgarriagatik.[1]

Pulitzer Sariaren urrezko dominaren aurrealdea eta atzealdea.

Konposizioak saritutako urtean zehar mundu mailako estreinaldia izan behar zuela eta, saritutako lana oso gutxitan izan zen grabatua, batzuetan emanaldi bakarrekoa suertatuz. 2004an baldintzak aldatu egin ziren, honela eratuz: "Urtean Estatu Batuetan lehenengo emanaldia edo grabazioa egin duen estatubatuar batek egindako musika konposizio bereizgarriagatik."[2]

IrabazleakAldatu

2013ra arte egin zituen lehen 71 urteetan, 67 aldiz eman zuten Pulitzer Saria Musikan. Inoiz ez da zatitu, eta ez zen saririk eman 1953an, 1964an, 1965ean eta 1981ean.[3]

  • 1943 William Schuman (Secular Cantata No. 2)
  • 1944 Howard Hanson (Symphony no. 4, op. 34)
  • 1945 Aaron Copland (Appalachian Spring)
  • 1946 Leo Sowerby (The Canticle of the Sun)
  • 1947 Charles Ives (Sinfonia No. 3)
  • 1948 Walter Piston (Symphony No. 3)
  • 1949 Virgil Thomson (Louisiana Story)
  • 1950 Gian Carlo Menotti (The Consul. Opera)
  • 1951 Douglas Moore (Giants in the Earth. Opera)
  • 1952 Gail Kubik (Symphony Concertante)
  • 1953 ez zen saririk eman
  • 1954 Quincy Porter (Concerto Concertante for Two Pianos and Orchestra)
  • 1955 Gian Carlo Menotti (The Saint of Bleecker Street. Opera)
  • 1956 Ernst Toch (Symphony No. 3)
  • 1957 Norman Dello Joio (Meditations on Ecclesiastes)
  • 1958 Samuel Barber (Vanessa)
  • 1959 John La Montaine (Concerto for Piano and Orchestra, op. 9)
  • 1960 Elliott Carter (Second String Quartet)
  • 1961 Walter Piston (Symphony No. 7)
  • 1962 Robert Ward (The Crucible. Opera)
  • 1963 Samuel Barber (Concierto para piano, op. 38)
  • 1964 ez zen saririk eman
  • 1965 ez zen saririk eman
  • 1966 Leslie Bassett (Variations for Orchestra)
  • 1967 Leon Kirchner (Quartet no. 3 for strings and electronic tape)
  • 1968 George Crumb (Echoes of Time and the River)
  • 1969 Karel Husa (String Quartet no. 3)
  • 1970 Charles Wuorinen (Time's Encomium)
  • 1971 Mario Davidovsky (Synchronisms no. 6)
  • 1972 Jacob Druckman (Windows)
  • 1973 Elliott Carter (String quartet no. 3)
  • 1974 Donald Martino (Notturno)
  • 1975 Dominick Argento (From the Diary of Virginia Woolf)
  • 1976 Ned Rorem (Air Music)
  • 1977 Richard Wernick (Visions of Terror and Wonder)
  • 1978 Michael Colgrass (Deja Vu for Percussion and Orchestra)
  • 1979 Joseph Schwantner (Aftertones of Infinity)
  • 1980 David Del Tredici (In Memory of a Summer Day)
  • 1981 ez zen saririk eman
  • 1982 Roger Sessions (Concerto for Orchestra)
  • 1983 Ellen Zwilich (Symphony no. 1)
  • 1984 Bernard Rands (Canti del Sole)
  • 1985 Stephen Albert (Symphony RiverRun)
  • 1986 George Perle (Wind Quintet no. 4, for flute, oboe, clarinet, horn, and bassoon)
  • 1987 John Harbison (The Flight into Egypt)
  • 1988 William Bolcom (12 New Etudes for Piano)
  • 1989 Roger Reynolds (Whispers Out of Time)
  • 1990 Mel D. Powell (Duplicates: A Concerto)
  • 1991 Shulamit Ran (Symphony)
  • 1992 Wayne Peterson (The Face of the Night)
  • 1993 Christopher Rouse (Trombone Concerto)
  • 1994 Gunther Schuller (Of Reminiscences and Reflections)
  • 1995 Morton Gould (Stringmusic)
  • 1996 George Walker (Lilacs for soprano and orchestra)
  • 1997 Wynton Marsalis (Blood on the Fields. Oratorio)
  • 1998 Aaron Jay Kernis (String Quartet No. 2, Musica Instrumentalis)
  • 1999 Melinda Wagner (Concerto for Flute, Strings, and Percussion)
  • 2000 Lewis Spratlan (Life is a Dream, Opera in three acts: ACT II, Concert Version)
  • 2001 John Corigliano (Symphony No. 2 for String Orchestra)
  • 2002 Henry Brant (Ice Field)
  • 2003 John Coolidge Adams (On the Transmigrations of Soul)
  • 2004 Paul Moravec (Tempest Fantasy)
  • 2005 Steven Stucky (Second Concerto for Orchestra)
  • 2006 Yehudi Wyner (Piano Concerto: 'Chiavi in Mano')
  • 2007 Bob Dylan Aipamen berezia
  • 2008 David Lang (The Little Match Girl Passion)
  • 2009 Steve Reich (Double Sextet)
  • 2010 Jennifer Higdon (Violin Concerto)
  • 2011 Zhou Long (Madame White Snake)
  • 2012 Kevin Puts (Silent Night: Opera in Two Acts)
  • 2013 Caroline Shaw (Partita for 8 Voices)
  • 2014 John Luther Adams (Become Ocean)
  • 2015 Julia Wolfe (Anthracite Fields)
  • 2016 Henry Threadgill (In for a Penny, in for a Pound)
  • 2017 Du Yun (Angel's Bone)
  • 2018 Kendrick Lamar (DAMN.)
  • 2019 Ellen Reid (Prism)
  • 2020 Anthony David (The Central Park Five)
  • 2021 Tania León (Stride)

Errepikatu duten saridunakAldatu

Lau lagunek birritan irabazi dute Pulitzer Saria Musikan.

  • Walter Piston, 1948, 1961
  • Gian Carlo Menotti, 1950, 1955
  • Samuel Barber, 1958, 1963
  • Elliott Carter, 1960, 1973

ErreferentziakAldatu

  1. (Ingelesez) "Music". www.pulitzer.org.
  2. (Ingelesez) "History of The Pulitzer Prizes". The Pulitzer Prizes (pulitzer.org).
  3. (Ingelesez) Fischer, Heinz Dietrich. (2010). The Pulitzer Prize Winners for Music: Composer Biographies, Premiere Programs and Jury Reports. Peter Lang ISBN 978-3-631-59608-1..

Kanpo estekakAldatu