«Azetileno»: berrikuspenen arteko aldeak

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Etiketa: 2017 wikitestu editorearekin
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{{chembox
| verifiedrevid = 477240406
| Name = Azetileno
| ImageFile = Acetylene-CRC-IR-dimensions-2D.png
| ImageSize = 150px
| ImageName = Azetileno
| ImageFile1 = Acetylene-CRC-IR-3D-balls.png
| ImageSize1 = 150px
| ImageName1 = Azetileno
| ImageFile2 = Acetylene-3D-vdW.png
| ImageSize2 = 150px
| ImageName2 = Modelo
| IUPACName = Azetileno
| SystematicName = Etina<ref>[http://www.acdlabs.com/iupac/nomenclature/79/r79_53.htm Acyclic Hydrocarbons. Rule A-3. Unsaturated Compounds and Univalent Radicals], IUPAC Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry</ref>
| Section1 = {{Chembox Identifiers
| ChemSpiderID_Ref = {{chemspidercite|correct|chemspider}}
| ChemSpiderID = 6086
| UNII_Ref = {{fdacite|correct|FDA}}
| UNII = OC7TV75O83
| KEGG_Ref = {{keggcite|correct|kegg}}
| KEGG = C01548
| InChI = 1/C2H2/c1-2/h1-2H
| InChIKey = HSFWRNGVRCDJHI-UHFFFAOYAY
| ChEMBL_Ref = {{ebicite|correct|EBI}}
| ChEMBL = 116336
| StdInChI_Ref = {{stdinchicite|correct|chemspider}}
| StdInChI = 1S/C2H2/c1-2/h1-2H
| StdInChIKey_Ref = {{stdinchicite|correct|chemspider}}
| StdInChIKey = HSFWRNGVRCDJHI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
| CASNo = 74-86-2
| CASNo_Ref = {{cascite|correct|CAS}}
| UNNumber = 1001 (disolbatua)<br />3138 ([[etileno]] eta [[propeno|propilenorekin]])
| ChEBI_Ref = {{ebicite|correct|EBI}}
| ChEBI = 27518
| SMILES = C#C
}}
| Section2 = {{Chembox Properties
| C=2|H=2
| Density = 1.097 kg m<sup>−3</sup>
| MeltingPt = −80.8&nbsp;°C, 192.4 K, −113.4&nbsp;°F
| Melting_notes = Puntu hirukoitza 1.27 atm-tan
| BoilingPtC = −84
| Boiling_notes= [[Sublimazio]]a 1 atm-tan
| Adiabatic Flame Temperature (Air NTP) = 2,534&nbsp;°C
| pKa = 25
}}
| Section3 = {{Chembox Structure
| MolShape = Lerrokatua
}}
| Section4 = {{Chembox Thermochemistry
| DeltaHf = +226.88 kJ/mol
| Entropy = 201&nbsp;J·mol<sup>−1</sup>·K<sup>−1</sup>
}}
| Section7 = {{Chembox Hazards
| EUClass =
| EUIndex =
| MainHazards =
| NFPA-H = 1
| NFPA-F = 4
| NFPA-R = 3
| NFPA-O =
}}
}}
 
'''Azetilenoa''' bi atomo [[karbono]] eta bi atomo [[hidrogeno]] baturik sortzen den [[hidrokarburo]] asegabea da (C<sub>2</sub>H<sub>2</sub>). [[Kaltzio karburo]]an urak eragiten duenean sortzen da. 84&nbsp;°C-an irakiten du. Gas kolorge toxikoa da, erregarria, uretan, alkoholetan, azetonatan eta karbono sulfurotan disolbatzen dena. Lehen, ura kaltzio karburoz nahasiz lortzen zen. Argia egiteko erabili zen, erregai gisa, baina gaur egun [[metalurgia]]n erabiltzen da batez ere, metalak soldatzeko eta mozteko. Plastikoak eta gomak egiteko ere erabiltzen da. Gorputz osoaren [[anestesiko]] gisa ere erabiltzen da, oxigenoarekin nahasirik.