«John Ashbery»: berrikuspenen arteko aldeak

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'''John Lawrence Ashbery'''<ref name="AAAS">{{cite web|url=http://www.amacad.org/publications/BookofMembers/ChapterA.pdf|title=Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter A|publisher=American Academy of Arts and Sciences|accessdate=25 April 2011}}</ref> (1927ko uztailaren 28a &#x2013; 2017ko irailaren 3a) poeta estatubatuarra izan zen.<ref name="NYT-MTV">{{cite news|url=https://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/27/books/27laur.html?hp|first=Melena|last=Ryzik|authorlink=|coauthors=|title=80-Year-Old Poet for the MTV Generation|quote=It is John Ashbery, the prolific 80-year-old poet and frequent award winner known for his dense, postmodern style and playful language. One of the most celebrated living poets, Mr. Ashbery has won MacArthur Foundation and Guggenheim fellowships and was awarded a Pulitzer Prize in 1976 for his collection "Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror."|publisher=[[New York Times]]|date=August 27, 2007|accessdate=2007-08-21}}</ref> hogeiHogei poesia-liburu baino gehaigogehiago argitaratu zituen, eta AEBetako poesia-sari gehienak irazi zituen; horien artean, Pulitzer saria 1976an, Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror (Autoerretratua Ispilu Konbexu Batean) lanagatik. Bere lanaren ezaugarri behinenak konplexutasun postmodernoa eta nolabaiteko hermetismoa eta ulergaiztasuna dira.
 
 
 
 
 
 
== Bizitza ==
 
Deerfield Akademian ikasi zuen, mutilen eskola batean, non W.H. Auden, Dylan Thomas eta beste poeta batzuen lanak irakurtzen baitzituzten. Berak idatzitako bi poema Poetry aldizkarian argitaratu zituzten, beste gelakide baten izenean, zeinak Ashberyri ezer esan gabe bidali baitzituen aldizkarira. Eskolan ere bazuten aldizkari bat, Deerfield Scroll, eta Ashberyk hainbat poema  argitaratu zituen; haien artean, ikaskide batekiko maitasun erantzunik gabeari buruzko sonetoak eta fikziozko testu labur bat. Ashberyk, lehen-lehenik, margolaria izan nahi izan zuen; 11 urtetik 15era, Rochester-eko arte-museoko pintura-klaseetara joan zen.
 
 
 
[[Fitxategi:John_Ashbery_by_David_Shankbone.jpg|eskuinera|thumb|Ashbery 2007an, [[W. H. Auden|W.H. Auden]] poetaren omenez egindako ekitaldo batean, New York Hiriko Cooper Union unibertsitatean.]]
 
== Sariak eta ohoreak ==
* 2017: The RaymondRaymon Roussel Society Medal<br>
* 2011: National Humanities Medal<br>
* 2011: Inducted into the New York Writers Hall of Fame<br>
* 2011: National Book Foundation Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters 2008: America Award for a lifetime contribution to international writing
* 2008: Robert Creeley Award<br>
2008: America Award for a lifetime contribution to international writing<br>
* 2005: finalist for National Book Award for Where Shall I Wander (2005)<br>
2008: Robert Creeley Award<br>
* 2002: Bestowed the rank of Officier de la Légion d'honneur by the Republic of France.<br>
2005: finalist for National Book Award for Where Shall I Wander (2005)<br>
* 1995: Robert Frost Medal<br>
2002: Bestowed the rank of Officier de la Légion d'honneur by the Republic of France.<br>
* 1984: Bollingen Prize in Poetry for A Wave (1984)
1995: Robert Frost Medal<br>
* 1984: BollingenLenore Prize inMarshall Poetry Prize for A Wave (1984)<br>
1984* 1976: LenorePulitzer MarshallPrize in Poetry Prize for ASelf-Portrait in a Convex WaveMirror (19841975)<br>
* 1976: PulitzerNational Prize inBook PoetryAward for Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror (1975)<br>
* 1976: National Book Critics Circle Award for Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror (1975)<br>
1962* 1972: Ingram Merrill Foundation Fellowship<br>
1976: National Book Critics Circle Award for Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror (1975)<br>
1972* 1962: Ingram Merrill Foundation Fellowship<br>
* 1956: Yale Younger Poets Prize, for Some Trees (1956) awarded by W.H. Auden
1962: Ingram Merrill Foundation Fellowship<br>
1956: Yale Younger Poets Prize, for Some Trees (1956) awarded by W.H. Auden
 
== Bibliografia ==
 
=== Poesia-bildumak ===
* ''Turandot and other poems'' (1953)<br>
 
* ''Some Trees'' (1956)<br>
==== Bilduma ====
* ''The Tennis Court Oath'' (1962)<br>
Turandot and other poems (1953)<br>
* ''Rivers and Mountains'' (1966)<br>
Some Trees (1956)<br>
* ''The Double Dream of Spring'' (1970)<br>
The Tennis Court Oath (1962)<br>
* ''Three Poems'' (1972)<br>
Rivers and Mountains (1966)<br>
* ''The Vermont Notebook'' (1975)<br>
The Double Dream of Spring (1970)<br>
* ''Self-portrait in a Convex Mirror'' (1975)<br>
Three Poems (1972)<br>
* ''Houseboat Days'' (1977)<br>
The Vermont Notebook (1975)<br>
* ''As We Know'' (1979)
Self-portrait in a Convex Mirror (1975)<br>
* ''Shadow Train'' (1981)<br>
Houseboat Days (1977)<br>
As* We''A KnowWave'' (19791984)<br>
* ''April Galleons'' (1987)<br>
Shadow Train (1981)<br>
* ''Flow Chart'' (1991)<br>
A Wave (1984)<br>
* ''Hotel Lautréamont'' (1992)<br>
April Galleons (1987)<br>
* ''And the Stars Were Shining'' (1994)<br>
Flow Chart (1991)<br>
* ''Can You Hear, Bird?'' (1995)<br>
Hotel Lautréamont (1992)<br>
* ''The Mooring of Starting Out: The First Five Books of Poetry'' (1997)<br>
And the Stars Were Shining (1994)<br>
* ''Wakefulness'' (1998)<br>
Can You Hear, Bird? (1995)<br>
* ''Girls on the Run'' (1999)<br>
The Mooring of Starting Out: The First Five Books of Poetry (1997)<br>
* ''Your Name Here'' (2000)<br>
Wakefulness (1998)<br>
* ''As Umbrellas Follow Rain'' (2001)<br>
Girls on the Run (1999)<br>
* ''Chinese Whispers'' (2002)<br>
Your Name Here (2000)<br>
* ''Where Shall I Wander'' (2005)<br>
As Umbrellas Follow Rain (2001)<br>
* ''Notes from the Air: Selected Later Poems'' (2007)<br>
Chinese Whispers (2002)<br>
* ''A Worldly Country'' (2007)
Where Shall I Wander (2005)<br>
* ''Planisphere'' (2009)<br>
Notes from the Air: Selected Later Poems (2007)<br>
* ''Quick Question'' (2012)<br>
A Worldly Country (2007)
* ''Breezeway'' (2015) <br>
Planisphere (2009)<br>
* ''Commotion of the Birds'' (2016)
Quick Question (2012)<br>
Breezeway (2015) <br>
Commotion of the Birds (2016)
 
=== Prosa eta itzulpenak ===
* Mayoux, Jean-Jacques (1960). Melville. Trans. by John Ashbery.
* The Ice Storm (1987), (32-page pamphlet)
* Reported Sightings: Art Chronicles, 1957-1987 (1989) (Alfred A. Knopf), ed. David Bergman, Art Criticism and Commentary
* Other Traditions(2001)
* 100 Multiple-Choice Questions (2000) (reprint of 1970 experimental pamphlet)
* Selected Prose 1953-2003 (2005)
* Martory, Pierre The Landscapist Ashbery (Tr.) Carcanet Press (2008)
* Rimbaud, Arthur Illuminations Ashbery (Tr.) W. W. Norton & Company (2011)
* Collected French Translations: Poetry, edited by Rosanne Wasserman and Eugene Richie (2014)
* Collected French Translations: Prose, Edited by Rosanne Wasserman and Eugene Richie (2014)
 
== Erreferentziak ==