Ireki menu nagusia

Aldaketak

ez dago edizio laburpenik
{{lanean|An13sa}}
 
'''1978ko Espainiako konstituzioa onartzeko erreferenduma''' Espainiako herritarrek [[Espainiako 1978ko konstituzioa|1978ko Espainiako Konstituzioa]] berresteko egindako erreferenduma izan zen. Urte hartako [[abenduaren 6]]ean ospatu zen bozketa-eguna eta galdera «Konstituzioaren Proiektua onartzen duzu?» izan zen. Hautesleen %87,78 alde bozkatu zuten, %58,97-ko partehartzearekin.
 
== Emaitzak ==
=== Emaitzak probintziaren arabera ===
{| class="wikitable sortable" style="font-size: 75%;"
! style="width:100px" | '''Junta ProvincialProbintzia'''
! style="width:50px" | '''ElectoresErroldatuak'''
! style="width:50px" | '''VotantesHautesleak'''
! style="width:50px" | '''AbstenciónAbstentzioa'''
! style="width:100px" | '''ParticipaciónParte-hartzea'''
! style="width:50px" | '''VálidosBaliozkoak'''
! style="width:50px" | '''SiBai'''
! style="width:50px" | '''NoEz'''
! style="width:50px" | '''En blancoZurian'''
! style="width:50px" | '''NuloBaliogabeak'''
! style="width:100px" | '''SiBai %'''
|-
| Álava Araba
| align="right" | {{Nts|173412}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|102822}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|70590}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|59,.3||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|101329}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|73409}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|8194}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|1493}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|72,.4||hex=008000}}
|-
| Albacete
| align="right" | {{Nts|170516}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|66762}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|71,.9||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|169225}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|150434}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|5290}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|1291}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|88,.9||hex=008000}}
|-
| AlicanteAlacant
| align="right" | {{Nts|757116}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|547442}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|209674}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|72,.3||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|543996}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|491135}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|15930}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|3446}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|90,.3||hex=008000}}
|-
| Almería
| align="right" | {{Nts|185360}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|90731}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|67,.1||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|184587}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|171986}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|3796}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|773}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|93,.2||hex=008000}}
|-
| Ávila
| align="right" | {{Nts|105832}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|39910}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|72,.6||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|105232}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|94147}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|4130}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|600}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|89,.5||hex=008000}}
|-
| Badajoz
| align="right" | {{Nts|322294}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|128814}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|71,.4||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|320330}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|286840}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|8657}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|1964}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|89,.5||hex=008000}}
|-
| Balearrak
| Baleares
| align="right" | {{Nts|450115}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|315891}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|134224}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|70,.2||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|313243}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|282598}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|15394}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|2648}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|90,.2||hex=008000}}
|-
| BarcelonaBartzelona
| align="right" | {{Nts|3424682}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|2317830}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|1106852}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|67,.6||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|2302015}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|2095467}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|97018}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|15815}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|91,.0||hex=008000}}
|-
| Burgos
| align="right" | {{Nts|189931}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|75753}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|71,.5||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|188476}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|155064}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|9848}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|1455}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|82,.3||hex=008000}}
|-
| Cáceres
| align="right" | {{Nts|217248}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|96879}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|69,.2||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|215916}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|194968}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|6144}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|1332}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|90,.3||hex=008000}}
|-
| Cádiz
| align="right" | {{Nts|443023}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|197264}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|69,.2||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|440178}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|411365}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|10948}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|2845}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|93,.5||hex=008000}}
|-
| Castelló
| Castellón
| align="right" | {{Nts|337196}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|244931}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|92265}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|72,.6||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|243398}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|216613}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|9641}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|1533}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|89,.0||hex=008000}}
|-
| Ceuta
| align="right" | {{Nts|23650}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|8838}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|72,.8||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|23516}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|20849}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|670}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|134}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|88,.7||hex=008000}}
|-
| Ciudad Real
| align="right" | {{Nts|244829}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|104673}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|70,.1||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|242901}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|208433}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|7676}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|1928}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|85,.8||hex=008000}}
|-
| Kordoba
| Córdoba
| align="right" | {{Nts|509267}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|382519}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|126748}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|75,.1||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|380393}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|347352}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|7997}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|2126}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|91,.3||hex=008000}}
|-
| Coruña (La)
| align="right" | {{Nts|818336}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|445710}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|372626}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|54,.5||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|440807}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|400120}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|17149}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|4903}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|90,.8||hex=008000}}
|-
| Cuenca
| align="right" | {{Nts|124718}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|42109}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|74,.8||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|123854}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|105792}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|3854}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|864}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|85,.4||hex=008000}}
|-
| GeronaGirona
| align="right" | {{Nts|336282}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|243161}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|93121}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|72,.3||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|241430}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|218316}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|12433}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|1731}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|90,.4||hex=008000}}
|-
| Granada
| align="right" | {{Nts|360800}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|159522}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|69,.3||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|358632}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|330468}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|6997}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|2168}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|92,.1||hex=008000}}
|-
| Guadalajara
| align="right" | {{Nts|81355}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|25524}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|76,.1||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|80738}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|66240}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|2992}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|617}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|82,.0||hex=008000}}
|-
| Gipuzkoa
| Guipúzcoa
| align="right" | {{Nts|504389}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|219032}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|285357}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|43,.4||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|216501}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|139777}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|11295}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|2531}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|64,.6||hex=008000}}
|-
| Huelva
| align="right" | {{Nts|200608}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|88292}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|69,.4||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|199481}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|185807}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|4883}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|1127}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|93,.1||hex=008000}}
|-
| Huesca
| align="right" | {{Nts|124333}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|42534}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|74,.5||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|123749}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|112430}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|5411}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|584}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|90,.9||hex=008000}}
|-
| Jaén
| align="right" | {{Nts|332939}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|127881}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|72,.2||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|330710}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|295891}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|5818}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|2229}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|89,.5||hex=008000}}
|-
| León
| align="right" | {{Nts|267355}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|141240}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|65,.4||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|264520}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|235750}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|11193}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|2835}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|89,.1||hex=008000}}
|-
| LéridaLleida
| align="right" | {{Nts|267972}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|178195}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|89777}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|66,.5||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|177113}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|162757}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|7571}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|1082}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|91,.9||hex=008000}}
|-
| Logroño (Errioxa)
| align="right" | {{Nts|192597}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|139561}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|53036}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|72,.5||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|138356}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|120847}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|6569}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|1205}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|87,.3||hex=008000}}
|-
| Lugo
| align="right" | {{Nts|140417}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|195142}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|41,.8||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|138839}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|124292}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|6426}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|1578}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|89,.5||hex=008000}}
|-
| MadridMadril
| align="right" | {{Nts|3047226}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|2201102}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|846124}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|72,.2||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|2185418}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|1896205}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|66575}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|15684}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|86,.8||hex=008000}}
|-
| Málaga
| align="right" | {{Nts|420884}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|228453}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|64,.8||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|418262}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|387960}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|8619}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|2622}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|92,.8||hex=008000}}
|-
| Melilla
| align="right" | {{Nts|19423}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|9980}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|66,.1||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|19339}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|17185}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|511}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|84}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|88,.9||hex=008000}}
|-
| MurciaMurtzia
| align="right" | {{Nts|630268}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|450242}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|180026}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|71,.4||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|447672}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|408722}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|10975}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|2570}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|91,.3||hex=008000}}
|-
| NavarraNafarroa
| align="right" | {{Nts|361243}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|240695}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|120548}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|66,.6||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|238426}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|182207}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|15415}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|2269}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|76,.4||hex=008000}}
|-
| OrenseOurense
| align="right" | {{Nts|346725}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|136715}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|210010}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|39,.4||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|135277}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|122610}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|4158}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|1438}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|90,.6||hex=008000}}
|-
| Oviedo (Asturias)
| align="right" | {{Nts|864796}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|534343}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|330453}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|61,.8||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|529617}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|473348}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|11395}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|4726}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|89,.4||hex=008000}}
|-
| PalenciaPalentzia
| align="right" | {{Nts|141365}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|105173}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|36192}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|74,.4||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|104299}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|83211}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|5425}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|874}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|79,.8||hex=008000}}
|-
| las Palmas (Las)
| align="right" | {{Nts|419651}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|293344}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|126307}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|69,.9||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|291899}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|266583}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|11507}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|1445}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|91,.3||hex=008000}}
|-
| Pontevedra
| align="right" | {{Nts|335200}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|271793}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|55,.2||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|331158}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|295075}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|14359}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|4042}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|89,.1||hex=008000}}
|-
| Salamanca
| align="right" | {{Nts|204604}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|75706}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|73,.0||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|203393}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|180368}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|10253}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|1211}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|88,.7||hex=008000}}
|-
| Santander (Kantabria)
| align="right" | {{Nts|374559}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|266514}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|108045}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|71,.2||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|264941}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|222559}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|9150}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|1573}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|84,.0||hex=008000}}
|-
| Segovia
| align="right" | {{Nts|85954}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|25305}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|77,.3||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|85365}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|73854}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|5233}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|589}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|86,.5||hex=008000}}
|-
| Sevilla
| align="right" | {{Nts|695661}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|306857}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|69,.8||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|691977}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|644692}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|13759}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|3684}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|93,.2||hex=008000}}
|-
| Soria
| align="right" | {{Nts|59426}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|21501}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|73,.4||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|59032}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|52056}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|2921}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|394}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|88,.2||hex=008000}}
|-
| Santa Cruz de Tenerife Tenerifekoa
| align="right" | {{Nts|460312}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|260166}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|200146}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|56,.5||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|258523}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|242085}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|6073}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|1643}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|93,.6||hex=008000}}
|-
| Tarragona
| align="right" | {{Nts|247540}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|121697}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|67,.0||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|245619}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|225330}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|9440}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|1921}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|91,.7||hex=008000}}
|-
| Teruel
| align="right" | {{Nts|91109}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|31130}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|74,.5||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|90585}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|78304}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|4590}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|524}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|86,.4||hex=008000}}
|-
| Toledo
| align="right" | {{Nts|269964}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|77075}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|77,.8||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|267731}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|220715}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|7989}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|2233}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|82,.4||hex=008000}}
|-
| ValenciaValentzia
| align="right" | {{Nts|1451169}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|1094770}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|356399}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|75,.4||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|1085960}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|968932}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|39439}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|8810}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|89,.2||hex=008000}}
|-
| Valladolid
| align="right" | {{Nts|247282}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|85347}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|74,.3||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|244944}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|204030}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|12236}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|2338}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|83,.3||hex=008000}}
|-
| VizcayaBizkaia
| align="right" | {{Nts|874936}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|371456}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|503480}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|42,.5||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|364382}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|266019}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|20327}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|7074}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|73,.0||hex=008000}}
|-
| Zamora
| align="right" | {{Nts|126769}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|57533}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|68,.8||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|125890}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|105881}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|8006}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|879}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|84,.1||hex=008000}}
|-
| Zaragoza
| align="right" | {{Nts|442633}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|162664}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|73,.1||hex=909090}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|440311}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|389000}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|20623}}
| align="right" | {{Nts|2322}}
| align="left" | {{ehuneko barra|88,.3||hex=008000}}
|-
! '''TotalGuztira'''
!| {{Nts|26632180}}
!| {{Nts|17873271}}
!| {{Nts|8758909}}
!| {{ehuneko barra|67,.11||hex=909090}}
!| {{Nts|17739485}}
!| {{Nts|15706078}}
!| {{Nts|632902}}
!| {{Nts|133786}}
!| {{ehuneko barra|88,.54||hex=008000}}
|}
 
== Ikus, gainera ==
* [[Espainiako 1978ko konstituzioa]]
 
== Kanpo loturak ==
{{commonskat|Constitution Day in Spain}}
* [http://www.congreso.es/consti/elecciones/referendos/ref_consti.htm Emaitzak probintziaren arabera]
* Castillo Vera, Pilar del (1978). [http://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=1273175 «La campaña del referéndum constitucional»]. ''Revista de estudios políticos'', ISSN 0048-7694, zbk. 6, orr. 153-174.