«Kursk»: berrikuspenen arteko aldeak

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{{Errusiako udalerri infotaula
| izena = Kursk (Курск)
| mota = Hiria
| bandera = Vlag Koersk.gif
| kokapena = kokapenmapa
| ofiziala = Курск
| barrutia = [[Erdialdeko Barruti Federala|ErdialdeaErdialdekoa]]
| subjektua = [[Kursk oblasta]]
| alkatea =
| altuera = 250
| azalera = 190
| biztanleria = 414595415159
| urtea = 2010
| dentsitatea =
| gehigarri mota = '''SorreraLehen aipamena'''
| gehigarri datuak = [[1032]]
| web = http://www.kurskadmin.ru/
| oharrak =
}}
'''Kursk''' ({{lang-ru|Курск}}) mendebaldeko [[Errusia]]n dagoen [[Kursk oblasta]]ren hiriburua da. [[Desna]]ren arroko [[Seim ibaia]]ren ertzean dago, [[Mosku]]tik 450 km inguru hegoaldera<ref>[http://global.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/325368/Kursk Kursk] Global.britannica.com</ref>. [[2010]]ean 415.159 biztanle zituen<ref>[http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/perepis2010/croc/perepis_itogi1612.htm «Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 ''2010eko Errusiako erroldaren emaitzak, 1. liburukia''»] ''Gks.ru''</ref>.
 
== Historia ==
'''Kursk''' ([[errusiera]]z: ''Курск'') [[Errusia]]ko mendebaldeko hiria eta [[Kursk oblasta]]ren hiriburua da. [[Desna]]ren arroko Kur, Tuskar eta Seim ibaien elkargunean dago. [[2010]]ean 414.595 biztanle zituen<ref>[http://www.citypopulation.de/php/russia-kursk.php Kursk] Citypopulation.de</ref>.
Errusiako hiririk zaharrenetako bat da. Lehen aipamena [[1032]]koa da. [[1237]]an [[Batu Khan]]rek erabat suntsitu zuen. [[1508]]an [[Moskovia]]ko hiri bihurtu zen. Garrantzi handia izan zuen [[arto]]aren merkataritzan<ref name=atrek>[http://russiatrek.org/kursk-city Kursk city, Russia] Russiatrek.org</ref>.
 
Sobietar aginteak hego-mendebaldeko Errusiako burdinbide-gune garrantzitsuenetako bat bilakatu zuen. [[Bigarren Mundu Gerra]]ko [[Kurskeko gudua]], [[1943]]ko [[uztail]]auztaila eta [[abuztu]]anabuztuan hiriaren inguruetan gertatu zena, historiako [[tanke]] borrokarik handiena izan zen<ref name=atrek></ref>.
 
== Biztanleria ==
{| align="center" border="0" cellspacing="2" cellpadding="5" style="border:1px solid #AAAAAA;"
|-bgcolor="#AAAAFF"
|+ style="font-weight: bold; font-size: 1.1em; margin-bottom: 0.5em"| Biztanleriaren bilakaera
|-bgcolor="#eeeeff"
! 1840 !! 1897 !! 1926 !! 1939 !! 1959
|- bgcolor="#f7f9ff"
| align=center| 30 469
| align=center| 75 721
| align=center| 98 780
| align=center| 119 977
| align=center| 204 712
|-bgcolor="#eeeeff"
! 1970 !! 1979 !! 1989 !! 2002 !! 2010
|- bgcolor="#f7f9ff"
| align=center| 284 162
| align=center| 375 345
| align=center| 424 239
| align=center| 412 442
| align=center| 415 159
|}
 
== Ekonomia ==
Lanabes, kimika, oihal, beira eta elikadura industriak ditu{{lur erref}}.
 
== Klima ==
{{Klima
|location = Kursk 1981&ndash;2010
|metric first = Y
|single line = Y
|Jan record high C = 7.5
|Feb record high C = 9.5
|Mar record high C = 17.8
|Apr record high C = 28.1
|May record high C = 32.6
|Jun record high C = 36.5
|Jul record high C = 37.2
|Aug record high C = 38.8
|Sep record high C = 30.9
|Oct record high C = 26.8
|Nov record high C = 17.7
|Dec record high C = 10.2
|year record high C = 38.8
|Jan high C = &minus;3.6
|Feb high C = &minus;3.2
|Mar high C = 2.5
|Apr high C = 12.3
|May high C = 19.6
|Jun high C = 22.9
|Jul high C = 24.8
|Aug high C = 23.9
|Sep high C = 17.5
|Oct high C = 10.2
|Nov high C = 1.8
|Dec high C = &minus;2.6
|year high C = 10.5
|Jan mean C = &minus;6.2
|Feb mean C = &minus;6.2
|Mar mean C = &minus;0.9
|Apr mean C = 7.6
|May mean C = 14.3
|Jun mean C = 17.7
|Jul mean C = 19.6
|Aug mean C = 18.5
|Sep mean C = 12.7
|Oct mean C = 6.5
|Nov mean C = &minus;0.6
|Dec mean C = &minus;5.1
|year mean C = 6.5
|Jan low C = &minus;8.7
|Feb low C = &minus;9.0
|Mar low C = &minus;4.0
|Apr low C = 3.4
|May low C = 9.3
|Jun low C = 13.0
|Jul low C = 14.9
|Aug low C = 13.7
|Sep low C = 8.7
|Oct low C = 3.4
|Nov low C = &minus;2.8
|Dec low C = &minus;7.6
|year low C = 2.9
|Jan record low C = &minus;34.5
|Feb record low C = &minus;35.3
|Mar record low C = &minus;32.6
|Apr record low C = &minus;15.6
|May record low C = &minus;6.1
|Jun record low C = 0.4
|Jul record low C = 5.9
|Aug record low C = 1.9
|Sep record low C = &minus;3.9
|Oct record low C = &minus;17.4
|Nov record low C = &minus;25.0
|Dec record low C = &minus;32.7
|year record low C = &minus;35.3
|precipitation colour = green
|rain colour = green
|Jan precipitation mm = 47
|Feb precipitation mm = 42
|Mar precipitation mm = 40
|Apr precipitation mm = 46
|May precipitation mm = 53
|Jun precipitation mm = 71
|Jul precipitation mm = 78
|Aug precipitation mm = 54
|Sep precipitation mm = 67
|Oct precipitation mm = 58
|Nov precipitation mm = 46
|Dec precipitation mm = 46
|year precipitation mm = 648
|Jan precipitation days = 26
|Feb precipitation days = 22
|Mar precipitation days = 19
|Apr precipitation days = 17
|May precipitation days = 16.4
|Jun precipitation days = 17
|Jul precipitation days = 17
|Aug precipitation days = 13
|Sep precipitation days = 15.4
|Oct precipitation days = 17
|Nov precipitation days = 23
|Dec precipitation days = 26
|year precipitation days = 229
|Jan rain days = 9
|Feb rain days = 8
|Mar rain days = 9
|Apr rain days = 15
|May rain days = 16
|Jun rain days = 17
|Jul rain days = 17
|Aug rain days = 13
|Sep rain days = 16
|Oct rain days = 16
|Nov rain days = 14
|Dec rain days = 11
|year rain days = 161
|Jan snow days = 23
|Feb snow days = 21
|Mar snow days = 15
|Apr snow days = 4
|May snow days = 0.4
|Jun snow days = 0
|Jul snow days = 0
|Aug snow days = 0
|Sep snow days = 0.4
|Oct snow days = 3
|Nov snow days = 13
|Dec snow days = 22
|year snow days = 102
|Jan sun = 62.0
|Feb sun = 79.1
|Mar sun = 120.9
|Apr sun = 174.0
|May sun = 257.3
|Jun sun = 279.0
|Jul sun = 282.1
|Aug sun = 254.2
|Sep sun = 180.0
|Oct sun = 117.8
|Nov sun = 45.0
|Dec sun = 37.2
|source 1 = [http://www.pogodaiklimat.ru/climate/34009.htm pogoda.ru.net]
|source 2 = [http://www.hko.gov.hk/wxinfo/climat/world/eng/europe/russia/kursk_e.htm Hong Kong Observatory] (eguzki orduak)
}}
 
== Erreferentziak ==
33.268

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