«Propano»: berrikuspenen arteko aldeak

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[[Fitxategi:Propane.gif|left|thumb|250px|Propanoaren egitura. Berdez, karbono atomoak; grisez, hidrogeno atomoak.]]
 
{{konposatu kimiko infotaula
| Watchedfields = changed
| verifiedrevid = 464375285
| ImageFileL1 = Propane-2D-Skeletal.svg
| ImageFileL1_Ref = {{chemboximage|correct|??}}
| ImageNameL1 = Skeletal formula of propane
| ImageFileR1 = PropaneFull.png
| ImageFileR1_Ref = {{chemboximage|correct|??}}
| ImageNameR1 = Skeletal formula of propane with all implicit carbons shown, and all explicit hydrogens added
| ImageFileL2 = Propane-3D-balls-B.png
| ImageFileL2_Ref = {{chemboximage|correct|??}}
| ImageNameL2 = Propano molekularen bola-makil eredua
| ImageFileR2 = Propane-3D-vdW-B.png
| ImageFileR2_Ref = {{chemboximage|correct|??}}
| ImageNameR2 = Spacefill model of propane
| IUPACName = Propane<ref>{{Cite web|title=Propane – Compound Summary|url=http://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/summary/summary.cgi?cid=6334&loc=ec_rcs|work=PubChem Compound|publisher=National Center for Biotechnology Information|accessdate=8 December 2011|location=USA|date=27 March 2005|at=Identification and Related Records}}</ref>
| Section1 = {{Chembox Identifiers
| CASNo = 74-98-6
| CASNo_Ref = {{cascite|correct|CAS}}
| PubChem = 6334
| PubChem_Ref = {{Pubchemcite|correct|Pubchem}}
| ChemSpiderID = 6094
| ChemSpiderID_Ref = {{chemspidercite|correct|chemspider}}
| UNII = T75W9911L6
| UNII_Ref = {{fdacite|correct|FDA}}
| EINECS = 200-827-9
| UNNumber = 1978
| KEGG = D05625
| KEGG_Ref = {{keggcite|correct|kegg}}
| ChEBI = 32879
| ChEBI_Ref = {{ebicite|correct|EBI}}
| ChEMBL = 135416
| ChEMBL_Ref = {{ebicite|correct|EBI}}
| RTECS = TX2275000
| Beilstein = 1730718
| Gmelin = 25044
| SMILES = CCC
| StdInChI = 1S/C3H8/c1-3-2/h3H2,1-2H3
| StdInChI_Ref = {{stdinchicite|correct|chemspider}}
| StdInChIKey = ATUOYWHBWRKTHZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
| StdInChIKey_Ref = {{stdinchicite|correct|chemspider}}
}}
| Section2 = {{Chembox Properties
| Reference = <ref name="GESTIS">{{GESTIS|ZVG=10020|Name=Propane}}</ref>
| C = 3
| H = 8
| Appearance = Gas kolorgea
| Odor = Usainik gabekoa
| Density = 2.0098 mg mL<sup>−1</sup> (at 0 °C, 101.3 kPa)
| MeltingPtK = 85.5
| BoilingPtKL = 230.9
| BoilingPtKH = 231.11
| Solubility = 40 mg L<sup>−1</sup> (at 0 °C)
| LogP = 2.236
| VaporPressure = 853.16 kPa (at 21.1 °C)
| HenryConstant = 15 nmol Pa<sup>−1</sup> kg<sup>−1</sup>
}}
| Section3 = {{Chembox Thermochemistry
| DeltaHf = −105.2–−104.2 kJ mol<sup>−1</sup>
| DeltaHc = −2.2197–−2.2187 MJ mol<sup>−1</sup>
| HeatCapacity = 73.60 J K<sup>−1</sup> mol<sup>−1</sup>
}}
| Section4 = {{Chembox Hazards
| GHSPictograms = {{GHS flame}}
| GHSSignalWord = '''DANGER'''
| HPhrases = {{H-phrases|220}}
| PPhrases = {{P-phrases|210}}
| EUIndex = 601-003-00-5
| EUClass = {{Hazchem F+}}
| RPhrases = {{R12}}
| SPhrases = {{S2}}, {{S16}}
| NFPA-H = 1
| NFPA-F = 4
| NFPA-R = 0
| FlashPt = −104 °C
| Autoignition = 540 °C
| ExploLimits = 2.37–9.5%
}}
| Section5 = {{Chembox Related
| Function = alkanes
| OtherFunctn = {{Ikurrik gabeko zerrenda|[[Etano]]|[[Etil ioduro]]|[[n-Propil ioduro|''n''-Propil ioduro]]|[[Isopropil ioduro]]|[[Butano]]|[[Butil ioduro]]}}
| OtherCpds = [[Diiodohydroxypropane]]
}}
}}
 
'''Propanoa''' hiru [[karbono]] [[atomo]] dituen [[hidrokarburo]]a da. [[Petrolio]]aren eta [[gas natural]]aren ustiakuntza prozesuetatik eratortzen den [[gas]] kolorgea da. Propanoak ez du usainik, eta erregai gisa erabili ohi da. Bere formula kimikoa [[Karbono|C]]<sub>3</sub>[[Hidrogeno|H]]<sub>8</sub> da.
 
[[Hidrokarburo ase]]en multzoko gaietako bat da. Gasa [[sukoi]]a da, eta gasusainik naturalarengabekoa usaina duda; -45&nbsp;[[Celsius gradu|°C]]-tan isurkari bihurtzen da, eta -189,9&nbsp;°C-tan trinkotzen. Propanoaren irakite puntua dela eta, erraz bihurtzen da gas, eta, egoera horretan, botiletan sar daiteke. Su hartzen du -105&nbsp;°C-tan. [[Eter]]rean eta [[alkohol]]ean disolbatzen da, eta [[ur]]etan ere bai apur bat.
 
Gas itogarria da. Petroliotik eta gas naturaletik atera daiteke. Erabilera asko ditu, besteak beste: sintesi organikoetan, berogailuetako erregai gisa, industrian, etilenoa ekoizteko, disolbatzaile eta hoztaile gisa, gasak aberasteko, aerosolen bultzatzaile gisa.
== Erreferentziak ==
{{ lur | data=2011/12/27}}
 
Beste erreferenzia batzuk:
 
<references/>
 
[[Kategoria:Hidrokarburoak]]